Expand description

This crate provides the http 1.x implementation for Trillium.


As this is primarily intended for internal use by the Trillium crate, the api is likely to be less stable than that of the higher level abstractions in Trillium.


This is an elaborate example that demonstrates some of trillium_http’s capabilities. Please note that trillium itself provides a much more usable interface on top of trillium_http, at very little cost.

use async_net::{TcpListener, TcpStream};
use futures_lite::StreamExt;
use stopper::Stopper;
use trillium_http::{Conn, Result};

let stopper = Stopper::new();
let listener = TcpListener::bind(("localhost", 0)).await?;
let port = listener.local_addr()?.port();

let server_stopper = stopper.clone();
let server_handle = smol::spawn(async move {
    let mut incoming = server_stopper.stop_stream(listener.incoming());

    while let Some(Ok(stream)) = incoming.next().await {
        let stopper = server_stopper.clone();
        smol::spawn(Conn::map(stream, stopper, |mut conn: Conn<TcpStream>| async move {
            conn.set_response_body("hello world");


// this example uses the trillium client
// please note that this api is still especially unstable.
// any other http client would work here too
let url = format!("http://localhost:{}/", port);
type ClientConn<'a> = trillium_client::Conn<'a, trillium_smol::TcpConnector>;
let mut client_conn = ClientConn::get(&*url).execute().await?;

assert_eq!(client_conn.status().unwrap(), 200);
assert_eq!(client_conn.response_headers().get_str("content-length"), Some("11"));
    "hello world"

stopper.stop(); // stop the server after one request
server_handle.await?; // wait for the server to shut down


Types to represent the bidirectional data stream over which the HTTP protocol is communicated


The trillium representation of a http body. This can contain either &'static [u8] content, Vec<u8> content, or a boxed AsyncRead type.

A http connection

The name of a http header. This can be either a KnownHeaderName or a string representation of an unknown header.

A HeaderValue represents the right hand side of a single name: value pair.

A header value is a collection of one or more HeaderValue. It has been optimized for the “one HeaderValue” case, but can accomodate more than one value.

Trillium’s header map type

A received http body

Store and retrieve values by TypeId. This allows storing arbitrary data that implements Sync + Send + 'static.

This struct provides a synchronized mechanism for canceling Futures and Streams.

Synthetic represents a simple transport that contains fixed content. This is exclusively useful for testing or for server implementations that are not read from an io connection, such as a faas function, in which the entire body may be available immediately on invocation.

This open (pub fields) struct represents a http upgrade. It contains all of the data available on a Conn, as well as owning the underlying transport.


This represents the next state after a response on a conn transport.

Concrete errors that occur within trillium’s http implementation

A short nonehaustive enum of headers that trillium can represent as a u8. Use a KnownHeaderName variant instead of a &’static str anywhere possible, as it allows trillium to skip parsing the header entirely.

HTTP request methods.

the current read state of this body

HTTP response status codes.

The version of the HTTP protocol in use.


A pre-rendered http response to send when the server is at capacity.

Type Definitions

this crate’s result type